• General

    International Conference on Digital Libraries

    Over the past decade, the development of international digital library activities has been steadily increasing. Grounded in the successes of the U.S. digital library programs – Digital Library Initiative-1 (DLI-1), Digital Library Initiative-2 (DLI-2), and the National Science Digital Library (NSDL) program – many international and national digital library research projects have been actively developed by national libraries, public and university libraries, and various research institutions. In addition to significant technological advances, new multimedia digital content, significant cultural repositories, and indigenous knowledge and language assets are being developed and are making a significant impact on knowledge preservation and content delivery in various countries.

    Three significant and vibrant international conferences have grown out of this international digital library movement – the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL, http://www.jcdl.org) in the US, the European Conference on Digital Libraries (ECDL, http://www.ecdl.org), and the International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL,http://www.icadl.org). The three conferences help create stimulating and collegial forums for reporting significant digital library research and development activities.

    The International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL), initiated in 1998 and rotated among Asian-Pacific countries, has become one of the premiere meetings in digital library. Since its humble beginning in Hong Kong (ICADL 1998), the meeting has been held in Taipei, Taiwan (ICADL 1999); Seoul, Korea (ICADL 2000); Bangalore, India (ICADL 2001); Singapore (ICADL 2002); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (ICADL 2003); Shanghai, China (ICADL 2004); and Bangkok, Thailand (ICADL 2005).

    The ICADL meetings draw researchers and professionals from library and information science, computer science, social science, information systems, law and policy, education and learning, and various other academic disciplines. Research topics range from digital library technologies and information systems; to content management, service models, and cost and sustainability issues.

    The ICADL meetings are planned and facilitated by a group of volunteers, who are experienced in digital library research and international community building; and have contributed significantly to ICADL-related activities.

    This website has been designed to facilitate easy access to information regarding past, present and future ICADL activities. To suggest additional content, please contact Ms. Cathy Larson at cal@eller.arizona.edu.

  • General

    Get Around The Globe With This Travel Advice

    There are various decisions you will need to make when planning an itinerary. This can be a fun event for you and your family. Continue reading to learn some of the best tips for arranging a trip so that you can stress less during your vacation time.

    If you are planning a trip abroad, it is important to make sure you obtain the necessary vaccinations beforehand. When you are in the planning stages of your trip, take note of any vaccinations that are required or recommended. Failing to do so could leave you open for dangerous exotic diseases that could ruin your trip, or worse, ruin your health.

    Bring an empty water bottle. We all know that bringing a full bottle of water through security is a big no-no. If you don’t want to be stuck paying a premium for bottled beverages after security, bring along your own empty bottle to fill at a water fountain. If the tap water is less than appealing to you, bring a single serve packet of drink mix to add to the bottle.

    A plastic shoe organizer over your hotel door can keep you organized. It is difficult to stay organized away from home, with little to no storage space except your suitcase. Put an organizer over your bathroom door when you arrive, the kind with the clear pockets is best. You can use it to store your essentials and keep them where it’s easy to locate.

    If you plan to travel for more than a weekend, inform your bosses two weeks prior to leaving so that they can find someone to cover your responsibilities before hand. This way, you are not relying on someone who merely says they will cover for you and you have respectfully informed them the reasons of your absence.

    One way of minimizing ice buildup on your windshield is to park your car with the windshield facing away from the prevailing wind. Another way too few of us think about is to cover our windshields with a throw rug when we park our vehicles. Tuck the edge in under your windshield wipers and your car will be as snug as a bug in a rug.

    When you are traveling overseas, make sure that you know and obey all of the local laws. The embassies and consulates can only help you so much. If you commit a crime on foreign soil, according to foreign law, your government will be unable to override those laws and you must submit to the punishment of that country’s laws.

    When packing for a long trip, limit yourself to about two colors of clothing. This will help to ensure that everything you bring to wear on your trip will match with everything else. It will also limit the number of shoes and accessories you need to match with your outfits.

    If you are traveling on an extended vacation, plan on doing laundry as you go. You should not attempt to carry more than a week’s worth of clothing with you at any one time. More than that will become too bulky to easily transport from place to place; doing laundry in the sink is easier.

    If you know in advance that you will be passing through some less-than-desirable neighborhoods or areas of town en route to your destination, don’t rely solely on your in-dash GPS system. Map out alternate routes using MapQuest or Google Maps, so you don’t end up in a bad part of town, in the middle of the night, with bad directions.

    While traveling to a foreign country is an exciting experience, it can also be risky if you aren’t familiar with its laws and customs. For that purpose, the State Department of the United States created a website (travel.state.gov) that you can visit to find out a wealth of information on the country to which you are traveling, including facts on crime, health conditions and popular attractions.

    Many families choose their vacation destination in order to visit a specific amusement park, and, while an exciting time is expected for all, there are ways to ensure that these expectations are met. If one of your children is hesitant to get on a ride, don’t try to talk him or her into it by saying that the ride isn’t scary. Chances are, if it looks scary to your child, it will be. Prevent early burnout by taking a mid-afternoon break at a nearby restaurant for a sit-down lunch or by relaxing at the poolside of your hotel for an hour. Give each child a waist bag packed with snacks to avoid an argument at every concession stand you pass. Now, strap yourself in, and enjoy the ride!

    If you are traveling to Mexico or the Caribbean during hurricane season, it’s a wise idea to purchase travel insurance, if it’s within your budget. Unfortunately, by the time a hurricane warning is forecast, it’s too late to buy coverage, so make sure you get it at the time that you book your vacation. For a price, you can obtain “Cancel for Any Reason” insurance that lets you cancel your trip for reasons not already specified in your policy.

    Whenever you are flying to your travel spot, make sure to use the limousine Minneapolis or a possible airport pick-up service. This ensures that you do not have to wait in line for a taxi and that you can promptly arrive at your hotel with the least possible frustration.

  • General

    How To Match The Style Of Your Home With Your Landscape Design

    When you buy a home, you do so with dreams. Maybe your dream was to renovate your yard, but somewhere along the way you were derailed. Have no fear because help is here! This article will give you some simple strategies to help you to tackle your problems and renew your landscape.

    Using a drip watering system is a great way to keep your garden well watered. Not only are they easy to install, they provide reliable service. Water usage is spread more efficiently, since the flow is dispersed in a drip, not a stream, as is the case with sprinklers or hoses.

    If you have children, or would like an area to entertain guests, it would be wise to plan out an open space in your landscaping. Make sure that you allocate this space, before starting your landscaping project, so that you ensure that you will have enough room once you are done.

    Prior to purchasing the materials you need for your landscaping adventure, have your designs planned out. This could mean putting whatever you want to build, or plant on paper. By doing this, you will know exactly what you need when you go to the store to purchase all of these materials.

    Internet landscaping resources are often overlooked by people who want to work on their yards or gardens. Not only will it be simple and convenient, you can find a variety of rare plants which you may never find locally or in one of those large retail stores.

    Save your money by timing when you buy your materials. Wait until the off-season to purchase such things as shrubs, trees or lumber, and don’t mulch at the height of summer. The newest plants available will often be quite expensive until they have been around for some time.

    Consider growing a hedge or bamboo plants to add privacy to your hard. Bamboo is a hardy grass, and it grows very quickly. It can add a lot of beauty to your property, and also give you a privacy barrier from neighbors or noisy streets. Just be cautious when growing bamboo as it does grow very quickly, meaning you will have to prune it regularly to keep it from becoming over grown.

    When planning a landscaping project for your house, be sure that you are not losing quality when choosing products that cost less. While it is always a good idea to try to save money, you want to be sure that you are not missing out on quality products that will keep your landscaping job looking great for a long time.

    When planning a landscaping project for your house, be sure to go beyond the home-improvement stores and check out online resources. You might just find deals and products that are not carried locally. Due to the lack of a physical store, you might find that selection, and pricing is far superior.

    When planning your yard, think about maintenance. If you do not have the time to trim your plants regularly, transfer them or put them inside for the winter, choose low-maintenance plants. If you have plenty of time to take care of your yard and really enjoy it, do not hesitate to select more delicate plants.

    If you plan to landscape your yard, be sure to do a good amount of research on the best types of plants for your area. Some grasses grown better in warmer regions, while others can survive a tough winter with ease. The same can be true for various bushes and trees.

    Use balance, not symmetry. A balanced distribution of plants creates a focal point, but the garden should never be symmetrical. For example, a large tree to the left of the garden can be balanced by two smaller trees to the right. This creates a much more desirable effect in the garden, whereas a symmetrical look appears completely unnatural.

    If you live in a part of the country that is at risk for wildfires, choose landscaping projects accordingly. For example, trees should be planted at least 100 feet apart. Additionally, large trees should not be planted less than 100 feet from your house or other building structure (garden, shed, workshop, etc.).

    When selecting your landscaping design, look to your neighbors for some inspiration. While there is nothing wrong with being creative when it comes to choosing your varieties of plants and trees, you never want your house to stick out like a sore thumb. Try to choose varieties that compliment the plants in your neighborhood, to add the most beauty to your house.

    If you are a beginner to landscaping, examine the older trees on your property to ensure they are safe and are not falling down. In order to protect your home or other items on your property, you may want to hire a professional tree limber that can ensure the safety of the property.

    When investigating landscaping options for your property for the first time, consider what tasks you will need professionals to complete. Some specialized landscaping tasks require an arborist, landscape architect, or tree limber who can help you with specific landscaping tasks. Although this is more costly than doing it on your own, you have a better chance at a quality job.


    Use balance, not symmetry. A balanced distribution of plants creates a focal point, but the garden should never be symmetrical. For example, a large tree to the left of the garden can be balanced by two smaller trees to the right. This creates a much more desirable effect in the garden, whereas a symmetrical look appears completely unnatural.

    The base of a large tree that provides plenty of shade is not the best place for you to try planting flowers. Rather than flowers, an interesting ground cover would be much more suitable. Ground covers are easy to maintain as well as being aesthetically pleasing. Ground covers that perform well in shade include sweet woodruff and hostas.

    Your dreams can come true, if you use what you’ve read here and start working on your yard today. The most simple of idea can have a huge impact, so start small and build up as you go. Every minute you put into it will show in the final result, so dedicate yourself to change and you’ll be pleasantly surprised in the end.

  • General

    How You Can Ensure Your Magnetic Clasps

    Jewelry is one of the few things that almost everyone agrees is nice. That being said it is very easy to use jewelry in poor taste or even in a tacky way. This article contains some tips about maintaining and using jewelry properly so that you can avoid faux pas such as these.

    Sterling silver jewelry makes a great investment. Pieces of jewelry made from sterling silver last for a lifetime and provide endless elegance. Sterling does tarnish, but can be quickly shined up using a polishing cloth. However, pieces of sterling silver jewelry that have specialty coating can last ages without tarnishing.

    Try to avoid cleaning it with harsh chemicals like ammonia or turpentine. Harsh chemicals can destroy the enamel, and ruin the stones in your jewelry.

    Pewter jewelry has been widely popular for decades. If you’re looking to invest in jewelry pieces made from pewter, make sure that they are lead free. For a long time, pewter jewelry has contained lead causing many unhealthy side effects to the wearer. Usually modern jewelry made from this metal is advertised as lead-free if it doesn’t contain any.

    When cleaning your fine jewelry, always follow the recommended cleaning directions for the gemstones used in the piece instead of the metals. Many jewelry cleaners designed to remove tarnish from metals can also dull or even destroy many soft precious gemstones. Use a cleaner safe for all gemstones and avoid harsh chemicals.

    Buying used jewelry can be a great way to expand your options without spending a lot of money. Look for estate sales or yard sales. Depending on where you live, prices may be lower than antique stores (which use the name “antique” to charge a bit more). Browsing in person can be a fun way to find things you might not have thought to go looking for.

    If you want to buy one of the ladies in your life a piece of jewelry, but don’t know her size, just sneak something out of her jewelry box that she already wears. That way you can have that item sized and get her the perfect jewelry in the perfect size – she’ll be totally amazed!

    If wearing earrings makes your ears feel itchy or irritated, ensure that you buy nickel-free jewelry in the future. Nickel is often used in inexpensive costume jewelry, but it can be very irritating to some people. Look for earrings with solid gold or platinum posts for the most hypoallergenic option.

    To keep pearl jewelry looking like new, store it separately from other jewelry. While many gemstones are hard, pearls are quite soft and can be scratched easily. Try keeping your pearls in their own container with a soft lining. If you really want your pearls with the rest of your jewelry, try placing them in a soft bag first.

    To make sure your jewelry always looks appropriate, consider the occasion before choosing pieces. If you’re at work, it’s best to avoid chokers and hoop earrings. Pearls are very versatile, but aren’t ideal for a very casual environment. Wearing jewelry ideal for the occasion will keep you from looking out of place.

    When it comes to showing off your personality through jewelry, most of the time you can make a larger statement with less. Choose bold, dramatic pieces, but limit yourself to wearing one or two at a time. A sophisticated pair of chandelier earrings can set off an outfit on it’s own, and sometimes a flashy cocktail ring is the only glitz you need to draw attention.

    Magnetic Clasps

    Create wire jewelry. There are so many resources available to help you get started. You can buy the supplies almost anywhere, charms, beads, dangles, special clasps plus much more. It does take quite a bit of practice, but it can be a fun hobby or even a career if you perfect it.

    Pay attention to the construction of a piece of jewelry. The more claws that hold a stone in place, the better. Clasps need to be easy to open, but not flimsy. If a clasp is very thin, it could come loose or break quite easily, causing you to lose your jewelry.

    When searching for antique jewelry to invest in, make sure you know what defines a piece as being an “antique.” Generally, an item is deemed to be an antique if it is 100 years or older. This can be difficult to ascertain, so you will need to either shop at a reputable antique store or do extensive research on your own. Details to look for include clasps, hooks, engravings and hinges.

    If the clasps on your jewelry stick or don’t glide smoothly, use a bit of mineral or baby oil to lubricate them. You can gently rub the oil all over the clasp, then wipe the excess over the rest of the piece to keep it shiny and free from grime.

    If you like making your own jewelry but just can’t get the hang of making loops for clasps or for hanging lockets or charms, a simple trick might help you turn your mangled messes into perfect curves. Instead of using the pliers to bend the metal you’re holding in your fingers, use your fingers or thumb to bend the metal around the pliers. Not only does this give you smoother loops, but it reduces or eliminates the dents that pliers can leave behind.

    By reading and following these tips you should be able to avoid some of the most common problems involving jewelry. This will allow you to wear your beautiful jewelry without the fear of over using it. These few small tips will go a very long way to helping you look classy.

  • General

    What the In-Crowd Won’t Tell You About A Linen Duvet Cover

    Ruthless Linen Duvet Cover Strategies Exploited

    While a linen duvet cover may be highly durable and can persist for a decade or more, good care is needed to receive the best possible lifespan. Softness If they are very soft out of the package, they are not the best quality. They have become our go-to staple for every season not just when the weather gets warm.

    Linen is among the most ancient and timeless fabrics. It shrinks about the same amount as cotton which is around 5 percent but can go beyond that. It again takes the lead in that it can last for up to 20 years. Also, it is fully biodegradable for when the time comes that you would like to replace your sheets. Positively you must pay a bit more compared to the ordinary linens.

    There are lots of reasons to clean your bedding regularly. Bedding is normally referred to furnishings that are laid in addition to the mattress. Linen bedding is widely thought to be luxurious. A massive reason to decide on linen bedding versus other materials is due to its health benefits.

    Many opt for cotton, but there are in fact much nicer fabrics available for you to select from. Cotton isn’t just employed for clothing, additionally it is employed for bed sheets, upholstery and curtains. It is a huge part of our everyday lives. It, on the other hand, is not as durable but a good quality sheet will give about 7 to 10 years of good service. As it is natural, cotton is appropriate for all skin types and is therefore grown in all sections of earth. Cotton lends itself to be dyed in a number of colors to create beautiful fabrics. Turns out it’s not quite as easy as saying, I’ll choose the cotton ones, please.

    Sheets must be washed daily. There’s nothing sweeter than clean, inviting sheets at the conclusion of a very long moment. The reason they don’t incorporate a top sheet is they really aren’t needed and they make your bed more difficult to make. Flat sheets, on the flip side, can be had for much less. Old flat sheets are frequently the very best.

    A final huge benefit, even though there are many more in case you start looking into linen further, is the fact that it is environmentally friendly. The linen is going to be a bit expensive to purchase but home owners become encouraged by the simple fact that proper care will give them 20 decades of linen service hence they wind up buying. It is a beautiful, refined and durable fabric that comes from a plant known as flax. It is a plant that grows very easily with little or no irrigation at all and the same case applies when it is being processed into sheets. Cambric linen is additionally a plain woven linen fabric and possibly the thinnest and finest range of linen fabrics.

    New Step by Step Roadmap for a Linen Duvet Cover

    If you’re attempting to choose whether cotton vs. linen duvet cover are perfect for your house, we aspire to create the decision an easier one. Linen is a great luxury choice for sound sleep year-round on account of the many advantages it gives. Over several years, the term linen has come to be a symbol of bedding made from all fabrics.

  • General

    The New Angle On Kids Placemats Just Released

    Kids placemats are made to guard tables from damage. Since you can imagine, however, we’ve amassed quite an extensive selection of placemats. If you wish to use the very same set of placemats daily, selecting a more durable and easily cleaned material is essential to a thriving purchase. Placemats also arrive in a multitude of water and weather proof materials that are ideal for outdoor use or use with a kid. Designed by teachers to present the best methods to teach kids, our educational placemats for kids have more than 1 purpose. You may use each one of the educational placemats to present new perspectives to your kid. The merka BPA free placemats have various themes.

    If you have a pouch laminator or are considering purchasing one for home usage, you could be wondering what type of items you may process with such a gadget. If you own a pouch laminator in your house, you’d be amazed to discover that you can do a great deal of creative things with it. If you own a pouch laminator in your house, you’d be amazed to discover that you can do a great deal of creative things with it.

    Babies usually say their initial words around their very first birthday. You most likely don’t want your kids distracted by means of an activity placemat at each meal, but there are times they arrive in handy. Your kids might grumble, but ultimately they’ll be glad they’ve done it. Colorful, fun placemats kids are going to want to use. Teen girls have made a number of the nicest crafts whom I’ve seen.

    Among the quickest and least expensive methods to change the appearance and feel of your dining table is to buy a set of new placemats. Some of the absolute most important things to bear in mind when cleaning with little kids must be patient, to teach them step-by-step the way to do things, and to benefit from their naturally helpful attitudes. A good team spirit idea is before competition each of the girls make a motivational present for a teammate. Another dance team spirit idea is to get a banquet at the close of the season.

    You may use family photos, kids artwork, or just a print of your favourite painting. Much like photographs, laminating artwork can allow it to be feasible that people enjoy it for many years to come. Designed by teachers to supply the best techniques to teach kids, educational kids placemats have more than 1 purpose. In conclusion you’re guaranteed to find whatever you require for your specific projects for Thanksgiving in my shop.

    Kids Placemats: No Longer a Mystery

    All supplies are offered at art stores. Paper goods are available for parties in a number of forms and to fill a selection of needs. Luau paper goods are simple to find at most stores and on the internet. Reinventing clothing is quite common. Burlap fabric is quite inexpensive to purchase. You’re able to customize all of your bed linen with your favourite designs. Burlap may also be bought in many of colours, although my favorites continue to be the all-natural tones.